Just What Is Discrimination Or An “Adverse Employment Action”

Mar 8, 2023

Discrimination in the workplace is a serious issue that affects many employees. It occurs when an employee is treated unfairly or differently based on certain characteristics, such as race, gender, age, religion, disability, or national origin. Understanding what constitutes discrimination and what qualifies as an “adverse employment action” is crucial in seeking justice and protecting your rights.

Types of Discrimination

Discrimination can take various forms in the workplace. Some common types of workplace discrimination include:

  • Racial discrimination: This occurs when an employee is treated unfavorably because of their race or color.
  • Gender discrimination: This refers to unfavorable treatment based on an individual's gender, including unequal pay, promotion denial, or harassment.
  • Age discrimination: Older employees may face discrimination based on their age, leading to unfair treatment, demotions, or even termination.
  • Religious discrimination: Employees should not be treated unfairly due to their religious beliefs or practices.
  • Disability discrimination: Disabled individuals should not face discrimination in the workplace and are entitled to reasonable accommodations.
  • National origin discrimination: Unfair treatment based on an employee's country of origin or ancestry is a form of workplace discrimination.

Adverse Employment Action

An “adverse employment action” refers to any action taken by an employer that negatively impacts an employee's terms or conditions of employment. These actions include:

  • Termination: Being fired from a job due to discrimination is a clear example of an adverse employment action.
  • Demotion: When an employee is moved to a lower position or rank within the company without a valid reason, it qualifies as an adverse employment action.
  • Pay reduction: Discriminatory pay cuts based on protected characteristics are considered adverse employment actions.
  • Failure to promote: If an employee is denied a deserved promotion due to discrimination, it is an adverse employment action.
  • Harassment: Psychological, verbal, or physical harassment in the workplace is an adverse employment action and may have legal consequences.
  • Retaliation: Punishing an employee for reporting discrimination or participating in investigations is an adverse employment action that is strictly prohibited.

Seeking Legal Help

If you believe you have experienced discrimination or an adverse employment action, it is important to seek legal assistance to protect your rights. Baytowne Reporting specializes in providing comprehensive legal support for employment discrimination cases.

Our experienced team of professionals understands the complexities of discrimination cases and can guide you through the legal process. We are committed to helping you achieve justice and obtaining fair compensation.

At Baytowne Reporting, we have a proven track record of success in combating workplace discrimination. Our skilled attorneys will assess the merits of your case, gathering evidence, interviewing witnesses, and building a strong legal strategy.


Discrimination and adverse employment actions can cause significant harm to employees both professionally and personally. Understanding your rights and the various forms of discrimination is crucial in addressing these issues effectively.

Baytowne Reporting is committed to fighting against workplace discrimination and providing competent legal representation for victims. We strive to ensure that justice is served and that those who engage in discriminatory practices are held accountable.

If you have experienced discrimination or an adverse employment action, don't hesitate to contact Baytowne Reporting for expert legal assistance. Together, we can work towards a fair and equal workplace for all employees.